Background: The separation in 1947 of British India into the Muslim state of Pakistan (with two sections West and
East) and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved. A third war between these countries in 1971 resulted in East
Pakistan seceding and becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. A dispute over the state of Kashmir is ongoing. In response
to Indian nuclear weapons testing, Pakistan conducted its own tests in 1998.
Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on
the west and China in the north
is the land of the Indus River, which flows through the country for 2,880 km. from the Himalayan and Karakoram mountain ranges
to the Arabian sea. It is located between 23 and 37 degrees north latitude and 61 and 76 degrees east longitude. It is a land
of snow covered peaks and burning deserts, of fertile mountain valleys and irrigated plains. Created in 1947 as a homeland
for the Muslims of the Indian subcontinent, it is inhabited by some 150 million people (2001) belonging to many ethnic groups
speaking over 20 different languages and wearing distinctive costumes, but all united by the Islamic faith.
The Land of Pure (as the Urdu name Pakistan translates into English) is strategically
placed at the crossroads of Asia, where the road from China to the Mediterranean meets the route from India to Central Asia.
For thousands of years, this junction has been a melting pot of diverse cultures, attracting traders and adventurers, pilgrims
and holy men.
For any visitor, Pakistan has a wealth of attractions: its 4,000-year history is richly illustrated by archaeological
sites and imposing monuments scattered the length and breadth of the country. Brick cities from the Indus Civilization, which
flourished around 2000 BC, stand beside Buddhist ruins contemporaneous with the birth of Christianity. Magnificent Muslim
from the 12th century vie with palaces, mosques and forts of the Mughal emperors of the 16th and 17th
The country's main cities reflect the many influences, both historical and modern,
that have made Pakistan what it is today. Lahore is the cultural center of the country, with an elegant core of Mughal architecture embellished by the flowery exuberance
of the British Raj. Islamabad, the capital, is a modern garden city. Finally bustling Karachi is a huge international port, sea port, industrial and financial
In the north of the country, four great mountain ranges
meet, offering some of the most challenging and scenic mountaineering, trekking and jeep safaris in the world. Five huge rivers
flow south to the sea, forming the flight paths for migrating birds and providing exciting white water rafting and boating.
To the spirit hungry for exploration and adventure, Pakistan beckons.
Official Name : Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Father of the Nation : Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Capital : Islamabad
Area : 796,096 Sq. km.
Population : 150 million
Ethnic composition : 97% Muslims, 5% others
Per capita income : US$ 460
Currency : Rupee
Exports : Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items, carpets, sports goods, fruits, handicrafts
Sea Food (Fisheries)
Imports : Industrial equipment, vehicles, iron ore, petroleum, edible oil
National Languages : Urdu ; English (Official)
Provincial Languages : Sindhi, Punjabi, Balochi, Pashto and Urdu.
Literacy rate : 39%
National Flower : Jasmine
Popular games : Cricket, Hockey, Football
Tourist's Resorts : Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit
Archaeological Sites : Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh
Major Cities : Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Multan,
Sialkot and Faisalabad
Agriculture Major crops : cotton, wheat, rice and sugarcane
Total cropped area : 22.14 million hectares
Industry : Textiles, cement, fertiliser, steel, sugar, electric goods, shipbuilding
Energy Major sources : Oil, Coal, Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear and Liquid Petroleum Gas
Transport & Communication Total length of roads : 228,206 km
Pakistan Railway network : 8,775 km ; Railway stations: 781
Pakistan International Airlines: Covers 55 international and 38 domestic stations
Major Airports: 6 - Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Quetta, Peshawar and Gwadar
Seaports International : 2 - Karachi ; Bin Qasim and Gwadar.
Famous Mountain Peaks : K-2 (Mt. Godwin Austin) : 28,250 ft./8611 m (2nd
Nanga Parbat : 26,660 ft./8125 m (8th in World)
Gasherbrum-I : 26,470 ft./8068 m (11th in World)
Famous Mountain Passes : The Khyber Pass ; The Kurram Pass ; The Tochi Pass ;
The Gomal Pass ; The Bolan Pass ; The Lowari Pass ;The Khunjrab Pass ;
Rivers : The Indus 2880 km ; Jhelum 825 km ; Chenab 1242 km
Ravi 901 km ; Sutlej 1551 km ; Beas (tributary of Sutlej) 398 km ;
Famous Glaciers : Siachin 75 km ; Batura 55 km ; Baltoro 62 km ;
Deserts : Thar: Sindh ; Cholistan: Punjab ; Thal: Punjab
Major Dams : Tarbela Dam- North West Frontier Province ; Mangla Dam- Punjab
Warsak Dam- North West Frontier Province
Government Parliamentary form : Parliament It consists of two Houses i.e.,
the Senate (Upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House). The Senate is a permanent legislative body and symbolises
a process of continuity in the national affairs. It consists of 87 members. The four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered
Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college. The National Assembly has a total membership of 217 elected through
adult suffrage (Muslim 207 and Minorities 10).
National Anthem : Approved in June, 1954 Verses Composed by: Abul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri Tune Composed by: Ahmed G.
What is Islam ? The literal meaning of Islam is peace; surrender of ones
will i.e. losing oneself for the sake of God and surrenderingones own pleasure for the pleasure of God. The
message of Islam was revealed to the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings on him) 1, 400 years ago. It was revealed
through angel Gabriel (on whom be peace) and was thus preserved in the Holy Quran. The Holy Quran carries a Divine guarantee
of safeguard from interpolation and it claims that it combines the best features of the earlier scriptures.
The prime message of Islam is the Unity of God, that the Creator of the world is One and He alone is
worthy of worship and that Muhammad (peace and blessings on him) is His Messenger and Servant. The follower of this belief
is thus a Muslim - a Muslims other beliefs are: Gods angels, previously revealed Books of
God, all the prophets, from Adam to Jesus (peace be on them both), the Day of Judgement and indeed the Decree of God. A Muslim
has five main duties to perform, namely; bearing witness to the Unity of God and Muhammad (peace and blessings on him) as
His Messenger, observing the prescribed prayer, payment of Zakat, keeping the fasts of Ramadhan and performing the pilgrimage
Islam believes that each person is born pure. The Holy Quran tells us that God has give
human beings a choice between good and evil and to seek Gods pleasure through faith,
and charity. Islam believes that God created mankind in His image and by imbuing the attributes of God
on a human level mankind can attain His nearness. Islams main message is
to worship God and to treat all Gods creation with kindness and compassion. Rights of
parents in old age, orphans and the needy are clearly stated. Womens rights were safeguarded 1,400 years ago
when the rest of the world was in total darkness about emancipation. Islamic teachings encompass every imaginable situation
and its rules and principles are truly universal and have stood the test of time.
In Islam virtue does not connote forsaking the bounties of nature that are lawful. On the contrary one
is encouraged to lead a healthy, active life with the qualities of kindness, chastity, honesty, mercy, courage patience and
politeness. In short, Islam has a perfect and complete code for the guidance of individuals and communities alike. As the
entire message of Islam is derived from the Holy Quran and indeed the Sunnah and Hadith (the traditions and practices of the
Holy Prophet, peace and blessings on him) it is immutable in the face of change in time and place. It may appear rigid to
the casual eye, in actual fact it is most certainly an adaptable way of life regardless of human changes.
Islam teaches that the path to spiritual development is open to all. Any individual who searches the
One Creator can seek nearness to God through sincere and earnest worship; it is central to establishing a relationship with
the Almighty. This positive message for humanity fills hearts with hope and courage.
At present there are 1.5 billion Muslims worldwide and they form the majority
in more than 50 countries of the world. Today Islam is the fastest growing faith in the world -
its beautiful message is reaching millions in the far corner of the earth, why..........................?
Countries in the
Afghanistan ; Algeria ; Bahrain ; Bangladesh ; Benin ; Bhutan ; Burkina Faso ; Cambodia ; Chad ; China ; Cyprus ; Djibouti
; Egypt ; Eritrea ; Ethiopia ; Gambia ; Gibraltar ; Greece ; Guinea ; Guinea-Bissau ; India ; Iran ; Iraq ; Israel ; Japan
; Jordan ; Korea, North ; Korea, South ; Kuwait ; Laos ; Lebanon ; Libya ; Macau ; Mali ; Malta ; Mauritania ; Morocco ; Myanmar
(Burma) ; Nepal ; Niger ; Oman ; Pakistan ; Philippines ; Portugal ; Qatar ; Saudi Arabia ; Senegal ; Sudan ; Syria ; Taiwan
; Tajikistan ; Thailand ; Tunisia ; Turkey ; Turkmenistan ; United Arab Emirates ; Vietnam ; Western Sahara ; Yemen